File:Pakistan Mud Volcanoes.jpg

The term mud volcano or mud dome are used to refer to formations created by geo-excreted liquids and gases, although there are several different processes which may cause such activity. Hot water mixes with mud and surface deposits. Mud volcanoes are associated with subduction zonesand about 700 have been identified. Temperatures are much cooler in these processes than found atigneous volcanoes. The largest mud volcano structures are 10 kilometres (6 mi) in diameter and reach 700 metres (2,300 ft) in height.

About 86% of the gas released from these structures is methane, with much less carbon dioxide andnitrogen emitted. Ejected materials are often a slurry of fine solids suspended in liquids which may include water, which is frequently acidic or salty, and hydrocarbon fluids.

Possible mud volcanoes have been identified on Mars.[1]In Pakistan there are more than 80 active mud volcanoes in Balochistan province; there are about 10 locations having clusters of mud volcanoes. In the west, in Gwadar District, the mud volcanoes are very small and mostly sit in the south of Jabal-e-Mehdi toward Sur Bandar. Many more exist in the north-east of Ormara. The remainder are in Lasbela District and are scattered between south of Gorangatti on Koh Hinglaj to Koh Kuk in the North of Miani Hor in the Hangol Valley. In this region, the heights of mud volcanoes range between 800 to 1,550 feet (243.8 to 472.4 m).The most famous is Chandaragup. The biggest crater found at 25°33’13.63″N. 65°44’09.66″E is about 450 feet (137.16 m) in diameter. Most mud volcanoes in this region are situated in out-of-reach areas having very difficult terrain. Dormant mud volcanoes stand like columns of mud in many other areas.

Advertisements

6 thoughts on “Mud volcanoes

  1. MOHAMMAD SALEEM AKHTAR says:

    In Pakistan there are more than 80 active mud volcanoes all of these are in the Balochistan province; there are about 20 locations having clusters of mud volcanoes. In the west, in Gwadar District, the mud volcanoes are very small and mostly sit in the south of Jabal-e-Mehdi toward Sur Bandar. Many more exist in the north-east of Ormara. The remainder are in Lasbela and Awaran Districts and are scattered between south of Gorangatti on Koh Hinglaj to Koh Kuk in the North of Miani Hor in the Hangol Valley. In this region, the heights of mud volcanoes range between 80 to 2,550 feet (25 to 786 m). The most famous is the Chandragup, which is only 73 meter (273 feet) high and referred as the biggest mud volcano. The biggest crater found at 25°33’13.63″N. 65°44’09.66″E is about 450 feet (137.16 m) in diameter. Most mud volcanoes in this region are situated in out-of-reach areas having very difficult terrain. Dormant mud volcanoes stand like columns of mud in many other areas.
    No study has been carried out in this region where the other geological formations like inclined strata, extruded mud mountains are making this region unique. The main features of interest are three large craters of size of 25×40, 10×36, and 12×40 kilometers. Their direction is same and it looks like that sometimes in history fly-by asteroids strike at this point causing the strata to protruded up to one kilometer and these volcanoes and Mud Mountains were created by the impact of these asteroids. One thought comes that Murray Ridge, which is situated in the Arabian basin is an extraterrestrial object.
    The locations of about 65 mud volcanoes in the Hingol National Park have been identified by using Google Earth. There may be some ambiguity in the identification of some volcanoes because of quality of graphics, their size and location. It may possible that numbers may increase after any field survey of area. The largest clusters are in the south of Gorangatti, on the east and west of Hingol River basin.
    There is a flat high point at an height of about one kilometer has been identified for possible camp site of 100×750 meters in size.
    Please refer to Google Earth community or G+ for further details

  2. sidhart says:

    chandarguo k pass ek chota sa pahaar hai jahan se pani nikalta hai andarr gufa ki taraf,,. or chandargup mai se chandan nikalta hai 03432641766

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s