Samar Mubarakmand (Urdu: ثمر مبارک مند) (born September 17, 1942), (NI, HI, SI, Ph.D, FPAS), is a Pakistani nuclear physicist, who served as the founding chairman of National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) from 2001 until 2007.Samar Mubarak-Mand launched the Missile Integration Programme in 1987 which was successfully completed in 2005. A pioneer of Fluid and Aerodynamics in Pakistan, Mand earned renowned internationally in May 1998, when he headed the team of academic scientists which carried out the country’s first and successful nuclear tests — Codename Chagai-I on May 28 and Codename Chagai-II on May 30 — in Balochistan Province of Pakistan.

Samar Mubarakmand completed his elementary and intermediate education from Lahore, British Punjab. He did his matriculation from St. Anthony’s High School in 1956. He received his B.Sc. in Physics in 1958 and, followed by his M.Sc. degree in nuclear physics in 1962, in which he wrote his M.Sc. thesis on “Construction of a gamma-ray spectrometer”,both fromGovernment College University, Lahore

he same year, he won the doctoral scholarship, and attended Oxford University. Mand studied with Shaukat Hameed Khan, and while at Oxford, he studied Compton scattering and dynamical theory of Gamma spectroscopy. He received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Oxford in 1966 under the renowned nuclear physicist Dr. D. H. Wilkinson. There, Mand studied with Shaukat Hameed Khan at the Physics Department, learning about the Linear accelerators, and after returning to Pakistan he built one. In Oxford, he was part of the team that commissioned a 22 million volt atomic accelerator. After his doctorate, Mand returned to Pakistan where he joined Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission in 1966.

His awards include:

  • Dr. Nazir Ahmad Award (2007)
  • Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2003)
  • Hilal-e-Imtiaz (1998)
  • Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1992)
  • Academic Roll of Honour, Government College, Lahore (1962).
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