Abdul Qadeer Khan[note 1] (Urdu: ڈاکٹر عبد القدیر خان ; born: April 1, 1936), also respectively known inPakistan as Mohsin-e-Pakistan (in Urdu: محسن پاکِستان; lit: Savior of Pakistan), FPAS, DEng, ScD, HI,NI (twice); more widely known as Dr. A. Q. Khan, is a Pakistani nuclear scientist and a metallurgical engineer, colloquially regarded as the founder of HEU based Gas-centrifuge uranium enrichmentprogramme for Pakistan’s integrated atomic bomb project.[2] Founded and established the Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL) in 1976, he was both its senior scientist and the Director-General until his retirement in 2001, and was an early and vital figure in other science projects. Apart from participating in atomic bomb project, he made major contributions in morphology, physical martensite, and its integrated applications in condensed and material physics.

Honorary degrees

Khan has been conferred with various of honorary Doctorate of Sciences (D.Sc.) from all over the universities in Pakistan.[61] A list of universities are listed below that have conferred Abdul Qadeer Khan with honorary doctorate degree:

  • University of Karachi[61]
  • Baqai Medical University[71]
  • Hamdard University[61]
  • Gomal University[61]
  • Lahore University of Engineering and Technology[61]
  • Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology[61]

Even after his confession, Abdul Qadeer Khan remains widely popular among Pakistani civil society and he is considered domestically to be one of its most-influential and respected scientists.[8] In an interview with Pakistani political analyst Hamid Mir, Dr. Salim Farookhi described Khan as, “the most influential and talented scientist that Pakistan has produced.”[72]


  • Fellowship of national learned societies of Pakistan.
    • Pakistan Physics Society
    • Pakistan Statistical Society
    • Pakistan Academy of Sciences
    • Pakistan Engineering Council
    • Pakistan Institute of Metallurgical Engineers (PIME)
    • Pakistan Institute of Engineers (PIE)
  • Fellowship of International learned societies.
    • Islamic Academy of Sciences
    • Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences
    • Institute of Central and West Asian Studies
    • Chartered Engineer and Member, The Institute of Materials of London
    • American Society of Metals (ASM)
    • The Metallurgical Society of the American Institute of Met. Min. and Petr. Engineers (TMS)
    • Canadian Institute of Metals (CIM)
    • Japan Institute of Metals (JIM)

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