Population: 150,694,740 (July 2003 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 39.3% (male 30,463,958; female 28,726,776)
15-64 years: 56.5% (male 43,571,093; female 41,651,872)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 3,051,674; female 3,229,367) (2003 est.)
Median age: total: 19.8 years
male: 19.7 years
female: 20 years (2002)
Population growth rate: 2.01% (2003 est.)
Birth rate: 29.59 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate: 8.79 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.75 migrant (s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male (s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male (s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male (s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male (s)/female
total population: 1.05 male (s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 76.53 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 76.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 76.95 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 62.2 years
male: 61.3 years
female: 63.14 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate: 4.1 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 78,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths: 4,500 (2001 est.)
Nationality: noun: Pakistani (s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi’a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%
Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 45.7%
male: 59.8%
female: 30.6% (2003 est.)

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